Prevention and early detection of hereditary tumors



The article provides information about the currently known hereditary tumor syndromes represent a variety of the most frequent medical and genetic pathology. The contribution of hereditary cancer syndromes in total cancer incidence and mortality was analyzed. The influence of the programs of early diagnosis of tumors in carriers of pathogenic mutations on decrease of mortality from hereditary malignant tumors was discussed.The role of prophylactic operations to reduce the incidence of various hereditary tumors was studied. The conclusion is that there is now a significant progress in the provision of care for patients with hereditary tumor syndromes. Although the diagnosis of hereditary cancers, there is no more than a quarter century, it can be assumed that progress in the field of health has allowed to save tens of thousands of lives.