Interventional radiology in the treatment of oncologic emergencies


Emergency conditions, directly or indirectly related to the cancer may be the first manifestation of oncological disease, as well as develop during of cancer diagnosis and treatment. Purpose – to consider the possibility of using a variety of interventional radiological techniques such as percutaneous drainage, percutaneous and intraluminal stenting, endovascular interventions and local therapy in the treatment of emergency conditions occurring in patients with cancer. The paper discusses the possibility of using these techniques for treatment of obstruction syndrome of hollow organs and tubular structures, perforation of hollow organs and tubular structures, compartment syndrome, bleedings, infection complications, venous thromboembolic complications and severe pain syndrome. It is concluded that interventional radiology has a wide range of effective technologies that can be used for treatment emergencies, occurring in patients at different stages of diagnosis and treatment of cancer. The information may be useful for interventional radiologists, as well as all health care professionals, participating in the combined and complex treatment of cancer patients.